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The long wait for justice: Accountability in Central African Republic


Impunity in Central African Republic (CAR) not only denies justice to thousands of victims of human rights violations and abuses, it also continues to fuel instability and conflict. This is why CAR’s political leaders, including newly elected President Faustin-Archange Touadera, and the international community have repeatedly promised measures to ensure accountability for crimes committed during years of conflict.

Building sustainable peace in CAR and ensuring justice for victims of the conflict requires scaling up efforts to end impunity, ensure accountability, and break the cycle of violence and injustice. To achieve this, perpetrators of serious human rights violations and abuses and crimes under international law should be held accountable in criminal courts, and national and international justice mechanisms must be well-equipped to achieve this.

The scale of the challenge in CAR is significant, and will require genuine political will on behalf of both the CAR authorities and the international community, as well as the investment of financial, human and technical resources to rebuild the justice system across the country, fully operationalize the SCC and re-establish the rule of law in CAR.

Ensuring the funding requested for the justice sector in CAR’s National Recovery and Peacebuilding Plan - $105 million over five years – will be a significant test of the international community’s commitment. Executing the arrests of prominent individuals suspected of perpetrating crimes under international law will be a significant test of CAR’s authorities.